Comorbidity among axis II diagnoses was common. Subjects met the criteria for an average of 2.4 personality disorder diagnoses (SD=1.6). The subjects with borderline personality disorder were more likely than those without borderline personality disorder to meet the criteria for histrionic (29.2% versus 5.6%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (30.6% versus 15.7%; ? 2 =5.59, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.5% versus 3.7%; ? 2 =4.98, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with paranoid personality disorder were more likely than those without paranoid personality disorder to meet the criteria for schizotypal (49.2% versus 20.5%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (33.3% versus 15.4%; ? 2 =7.77, df=1, p=0.005), histrionic (23.5% versus 10.3%; ? 2 =5.90, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.7% versus 4.3%; ? 2 =4.34, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with borderline personality disorder had a higher number of personality disorder diagnoses (other than borderline personality disorder) than subjects without borderline personality disorder (mean=2.3 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–2.35, df=178, p=0.02). Subjects with paranoid personality disorder also had a higher number of personality disorders (other than paranoid personality disorder) than subjects without paranoid personality disorder (mean=2.5 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–3.44, df=178, p=0.001).
Stress into the Teens otherwise Adolescence
Dining table 2 shows the fresh frequency from connection with upheaval throughout youngsters/puberty inside sufferers which have and you will in the place of borderline personality problems. Subjects having borderline character diseases had rather higher prices regarding bodily punishment from inside the youth/puberty than sufferers without borderline identification sickness, which have intercourse managed (52.8% in the place of 34.3%; ? 2 =5.43, df=step one, p=0.02), however the groups did not differ in their prices from intimate discipline (30.2% in the place of 19.4%; ? dos =step 1.46, df=step one, p=0.23) or out-of other types of stress from inside the childhood/puberty.
Sufferers having paranoid personality diseases including got a notably higher rate from physical discipline when you look at the youngsters/adolescence than just subjects in place of paranoid personality infection, that have sex regulated (54.0% in place of thirty-five.0%; ? dos =5.70, df=1, p=0.02). 4% instead of twenty two.2%; ? dos =0.23, df=step one, p=0.63) or out-of other kinds of shock from inside the youthfulness/puberty. New connectivity out of young people/adolescent actual discipline that have borderline personality disorder and with paranoid identity illness was in fact including tested that with each one of the most other identification problems diagnoses as more covariates, together with efficiency had been mathematically equivalent.
Subjects with antisocial character sickness was in fact likely to be than others instead of antisocial identity sickness getting started bereaved in childhood (53.8% in place of 21.0%; ? dos =eight.67, df=step 1, p=0.006). datingranking.net/es/gente-pequena-citas/ None of other kinds of identification problems was significantly and you can positively for the sexual punishment, bodily punishment, or any of the other types of trauma from inside the young people/adolescence.
Traumatization when you look at the Adulthood
The latest costs out of exposure to stress for the adulthood inside victims that have and you can rather than borderline character disorder also are revealed for the Dining table 2. Borderline character infection was not notably of the physical physical violence, intimate physical violence, or any other types of trauma in the adulthood, as we age and you can intercourse managed. Victims having paranoid identity sickness have been a great deal more most likely compared to those rather than paranoid identification infection to possess experienced bodily physical violence in the adulthood, with age and you may intercourse controlled (33.0% in the place of 17.9%; ? dos =cuatro.84, df=step 1, p=0.03). People who have paranoid character disorder together with got high costs off injuries/injury (63.5% as opposed to 47.0%; ? 2 =4.86, df=step 1, p=0.03) and you will combat (nine.5% rather than step 1.7%; ? 2 =6.forty eight, df=1, p=0.01) than those without any illness, nevertheless these variations were not statistically high adopting the aftereffects of multiple reviews have been managed. Nothing of the other sorts of identity disorder are rather related having any type of trauma inside the adulthood.
Incidence regarding PTSD
The latest lifetime prevalence regarding PTSD inside set of sufferers try 17.8% (N=32). The costs regarding PTSD in women (19.0%, N=12) and you will males (17.1%, N=20) were not significantly various other (? 2 =0.11, df=step 1, p=0.74). PTSD is popular in the sufferers with paranoid (29%) and you may borderline (25%) identification illness, and you will the very least preferred within the sufferers with narcissistic (10%) and you may passive-aggressive (12%) personality infection. On leftover kind of identity diseases, new prevalence of PTSD ranged from fourteen% so you’re able to 18%. Subjects which have and you may without PTSD don’t differ in their full amount of identity diseases diagnoses (mean=2.5, SD=step 1.dos, as opposed to imply=2.4, SD=step one.6; t=–0.36, df=178, p=0.72).